Estonia has since 1992 banked on the information society to ensure growth and competitive development.
Estonia’s decision to set a benchmark for the digital society is as much a product of its history as of the proactive and fully assumed efficiency with which the transversality of information is organized there, in particular with regard to its population register (and X-Road architecture). Fully assumed because the political choice was made from the outset to show that efficiency – regardless of scale – could serve human development. At the end of 1991, the government had to be rebuilt from scratch, once the slate had been wiped clean after the departure of Soviet power. From the outset, the country chose to put the citizen at the heart of its strategy without committing itself to any ideological modernism. Adoption would be better achieved through preserving a lifestyle that places the emphasis of values of simplicity, speed, comfort and economic savings. The official watchwords of e-Estonia are "sustainable development" and a "high-quality environment" (source: Estonian Informatics Centre 2011).
E-inclusion, defending a cultural and linguistic identity, making progress in public healthcare, education for all and respecting the environment remain the values that are the driving force behind development programmes pursued in recent years.
The protection of individual rights and the right of each of us to security is another closely related domain in which Estonia is not about to compromise, as the country seeks to become one of the world leader's in exercising an optimum ratio of protection to performance.