In 2005, the Estonian national electoral commission wrote a new chapter in the development of e-Government: for the first time in the world, secure online voting via the Internet was organized on a national scale. In accordance with the law,
iVoting (as the scheme for electronic vote is known in Estonian) shall be available at every election and referendum. The main objective of
iVoting is to provide voters with an additional channel via which they can express their vote with the aim of increasing electoral participation through better accessibility.
vote electronically via the Internet, voters need to have a
national ID card or a mobile ID for electronic authentication.
Nearly 100% of Estonian residents, aged from 15 to 74 years of age, have a valid ID card. Internet voting does not replace the conventional process of voting with paper ballot slips at polling stations in Estonia, but is a complementary alternative to it.
3.13% of those eligible to vote voted on line in 2007. For the European elections in June 2009, 15% of those eligible to vote voted on line. In March 2011, 25% of the votes cast were electronic. The procedure takes 2 minutes on average and was strongly adopted this year among those over 55 years of age.
30,5% of the population voted on-line in 2015 and voter participation in parliamentary elections rose from 61.9% in 2007 to 64.2% in 2015.
The iVoting application is considered by citizens to be just another online application among others. What most surprises Estonians today is the specific interest that this application is still generating abroad.
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