Growing populations, resource efficiency, big data, the Internet of Things - all key factors in the development of smarter, more interconnected cities.
Perhaps central to all of this is transportation and, according to research from analysts IHS, the use of artificial intelligence (AI) is likely to increase dramatically in vehicle applications over the next decade and beyond.
The IHS report found that the installation rate of AI-based systems in new vehicles in 2015 was 8%, but that by 2025 is set to rise dramatically to 109% as the use of AI systems in vehicles becomes standardized across both infotainment and autonomous vehicle applications.
The report also says that unit shipments of AI systems for infotainment and advanced driver assisted systems (ADAS) are expected to rise from seven million in 2015 to 122 million by 2025.
AI-powered vehicles are seen as crucial in helping reduce the impact of booming populations on city infrastructure and sustainability by:
Helping reduce traffic congestion and commuting times
Reducing the need for parking space
Improving road safety
AI vehicles are also likely to increase the number car sharing options available on city roads, something that will have obvious benefits when it comes to reducing the environmental impact of increasing road traffic. Indeed, research from ABI suggests that the global number of car sharing users will reach 650 million by 2030.